What Is Torrent – Beginners Guide

You would have heard a lot about Torrent, BitTorrent, Utorrent and most of you would be using it as well but never got a chance to understand it fully that what really Torrent is and How to use it efficiently. Everyone around us talking about it, using it, downloading tons of files, legal and illegal stuff but until you don’t understand this technology properly, you can’t utilize its features correctly. Most importantly, lack of knowledge can frustrates you because you would not be able to download anything completely or can cause your PC hell of problems as well because the downloaded files can contain viruses or malwares.

What Is Torrent?

Torrent is an extension of a file which you download from a website. It’s a text file containing information related to the data which you are trying to download. The information may contain file size, file name, comments, tracker, URL, and so on.

What Is BitTorrent and Utorrent?

Now here is a thing which confuses most of the people. First of all BitTorrent is a method (Protocol — a set of rules and description of how to do things) which you use to download files shared by other people using a peer-to-peer (P2P) distributed file system. It basically defines how many computers can transmit chunks of data together in the most efficient way possible.
The software which you use to download files using this BitTorrent protocol is known as BitTorrent client and the Famous client softwares are BitTorrent and Utorrent.

Why To Download Anything Using BitTorrent Client Software

The classic (old) way to download anything from Internet is to search for a website on Internet where your software / movie / document is available and then click the Download button to begin the downloading process. Let’s say there are many other people like you who are also downloading the same file at the same time when you are downloading. In such situation what will happen is that your downloading process will become slow and there is a possibility that the website can get crash or if by any chance your PC gets hang or your internet connection get disconnected, then you have to re-download the whole file again.
The advantage of using a BitTorrent client software to download anything from Internet is that it doesn’t download your File from single source. Means whoever is downloading the file (including you) will become a source computer and will share that file automatically with those who are searching for that file. For example, if you are downloading a file using any BitTorrent client and your download is 25% completed and it’s still downloading, you will be sharing that 25% with other users on Internet who are using BitTorrent protocol.

Let’s Make It Simple – Step By Step

To make the things easy for you to understand, let’s assume that you are looking for a movie to download.
1. First you have to download a torrent file of that movie (which is a very very small file and doesn’t take any time for downloading).
2. This torrent file has some basic information including the details of that Main Computer on Internet who is keeping the records of that movie which you are trying to download.
Note: This main computer is known as Tracker, whoever is downloading the file is knows as Peer / leecher and who has a complete copy of that file is known as Seeder.
3. Now you have to open that torrent file in a client software (for example BitTorrent or Utorrent).
4. BitTorrent client software will look into the torrent file and then communicates with tracker to find other computers running BitTorrent client software that have the complete movie (seeders) and those with a portion of that movie (leechers).
Note: Actually all the computers who are running BitTorrent client software connects to a central “tracker,” which tells them the location of the other computers who are downloading that same file and where to get the pieces of the file each computer is looking for.
5. All the computers who have parts of that movie then start transferring data between each other, without ever directly involving the tracker and your computer also starts receiving multiple pieces of the movie file simultaneously.
6. Moreover, the downloading of file is not in any particular sequence. BitTorrent client software downloads the pieces of the file from different computers that could be the beginning, end, or middle part of the file.
7. During the downloading process, you can shutdown / restart your computer anytime without worrying about anything. Each time you turn on your computer and starts the BitTorrent client software, the downloading begins automatically from the point where you left.
8. And once the download is complete, then all of these chunks are combined together to make a single file.
9. Because of this thing, BitTorrent is so fast as compared to classic downloading method.
Note: If you continue to run the BitTorrent client software after your download is complete, then others can download BitTorrent files / data from your computer. By doing this your future download rate will improve because you are helping the BitTorrent community. The downloading speed is controlled by the BitTorrent tracking servers. So it means if you share your downloads then you will be rewarded with a higher download speed and if you won’t , then your download speed will be slowed down.

Terminologies You’ll Hear Often Related To BitTorrent – MUST KNOW

Client : A program used to load / open the .torrent file so that you can connect to other people

Indexer : Indexers are websites which list (index) .torrent files
Leecher : A leecher is someone who is downloading (and uploading) a file. You are a leecher if you do not have a complete copy of the file you’re trying to get.
Peer : A peer is the same as a leecher, but without the negative connotation.
Seeder : A seeder is someone who has a complete version of the file you are downloading. If there are no seeders, you probably won’t be able to download the file.
Swarm : The swarm are all seeds and peers that are connected together. So if your client shows 5 seeds and 10 peers then that’s your swarm.
Tracker : The tracker is a server that has all the info about the people that are downloading and uploading the file. The tracker itself does not have a copy of the file, it only tracks the uploaders and downloaders and makes sure people are able to connect to each other. A tracker is not the same as a website that hosts torrents.
Health : A torrent is kept healthy by people seeding as much as possible during their download and after it has completed. Lack of people sharing in this manner will cause a torrents health to lower, and possibly to die-out.
Ratio : The data you uploaded divided by the data you downloaded. Ratios above 1.00 means that you have uploaded the complete file, and more

Important Notes

We know that on Internet, there are people out there who aim to harm your computer by spreading malicious files.
  • Always read what you are downloading, and check the comments if possible.
  • Check the torrent name if it’s matching with the file you are downloading. If you are unsure, don’t download.
  • If you don’t trust the source of the file, then you should use caution when opening it.
  • Always run a virus scan on the downloaded files.
  • Because any files can be shared through BitTorrent, lot of adult content is available.

Last Words

You will find this information a bit geeky at some stage but i have tried my best to explain in as much easy way I can. These are the things which every computer user should understand in order to work efficiently and make his computer stable and secure from unwanted attacks. In the next post we will discuss how to use a BitTorrent client software and how to configure it.

Don’t forget to leave your comments at below page commenting section

Turn On Birthday Notifications In Facebook – Easy Reminders

Most of us have memory problems. We don’t remember birthdays  of our beloved one’s. And because of that, we often face embarrassing situations. To avoid that, take the help of Facebook where all of your friends and family members are part of your community and you can easily turn on birthday notifications via email which will really help you a lot.

How To Turn On Birthday Notifications In Facebook

1. First, login to your Facebook account

2. You can click this link to jump directly on the notification page or Click Accounts on the top right hand corner of the page and select Account Settings

3. Then click the Notifications tab

4. Now scroll down and under Facebook category, click the Box next to the ‘Has a birthday coming up (weekly email)’ option.

5. That’s it. Now You’ll get emails every weekend listing your friends’ upcoming birthdays for that week. VOILA!!!

Last Words:

Now you can easily remember birthday of your friends and family members because you will get advance notification from Facebook. If you know any other Facebook Tip, then do share it at below page commenting section.

How To Open Google.com International search Page – Not A Local Country Specific Page

Whenever we type www.google.com, we are redirected to our country specific Google’s page i.e Google.co.pk for Pakistan or Google.co.kw for Kuwait etc.

For most of you, it doesn’t even matter which Google’s page is opening, but for some users (especially bloggers) they need to check their website rating at Google.com page and thinks like that. Never the less, if you are curious to open Google.com instead your local country specific Google’s page, then you can follow below tricks .

Trick No.1

Enter www.google.com in address box and then hit Enter. It will open your country-specific Google’s home page. From their, you can click the Go to Google.com link, which is below the search box. It will open the standard Google.com page.

Trick No. 2

Type  www.google.com/ncr in the address box and hit Enter key. It will open Google’s International English version of page. Here ‘ncr‘ stands for ‘No Country Region‘.

Trick No. 3

Type  www.google.com/webhp?hl=en  in address box and hit Enter key. it will open Google’s International English version of page.

Trick No. 4

Type  www.google.com/intl/en/  in address box and hit Enter key. It will open Google’s International English version of page. If you type intl/en in place of intl/en/, you will get a 404 error page.

Last Words:

These are nice tricks to open the Google’s international search page. If you know any other way to open it, then do share it at below page commenting section.

Download YouTube Videos without Installing Any Software via browser

People like me who likes to watch funny videos in spare time or some training videos at YouTube often face frustration to download these videos from YouTube. Although i like to install softwares but i hate to do that for each small thing. And i can expect the same thing from an average computer user as well. What if their is a method where you can download the videos from YouTube without installing any software. Its really super cool thing to do.

Yes it’s possible and for that all you need is a browser and an Internet Connection (ofcourse…it’s a dumb thing to even mention) Let me guide you in an easy way

Step by Step

1. Go to YouTube and open the video which you want to download in any browser (incase you are not able to download the video using this method, then i suggest you to follow the same steps while using Internet Explorer) 

2. Now in the address bar, just replace the youtube.com with voobys.com as shown in below pic and press Enter

 

3. After pressing Enter, voobys website will open and a java pop-up will comes up saying application’s digital signature cannot be verified. Just click the Run Button

 

4. After that, it will show you the different versions of the videos which you can download. At YouTube, the videos are available in different formats like 240p, 360p, 480p, 720P, 1020p HD. If the video at YouTube is available in different format, the voobys website will also show you multiple options as shown in below pic

 

5. The videos which are in 720p or 1020p HD format, will be downloaded in MP4 format whereas videos which are in lower formats like 240p, 360p or 480p these videos will be downloaded in flv format.

6. For all the videos at YouTube, the Voobys option of versioning is like this
Version 1 – 240p, Version 2 – 360P, Version 3 – 480p and Version 4 – 720 or 1020p HD

7. Just click the version which you want and the video will starts downloading.

Although their are many softwares which you can use to download the videos from YouTube but this is the best and the easiest method which you can use anywhere without installing anything

Last Words
Do you know any other way which is more easier than this then do post your suggestions and comments at below page

List of Companies Google Owns

We all know about Google or atleast we know that Google is a search engine website / company. But do we know how big this GOOGLE really is or how it became GOOGLE. Total number of companies which Google owns are more than 80 and most of the companies are based in the United States. At the beginning of this year, Google announced that it would getting back onto the buyers market and made their focus area for this year to Social and Mobile.  This year Google bought 26 companies and that doesn’t include the investments they made.
I discovered the list of companies which Google owns at Wikipedia.com and would like to share the same with you. Below chart Acquisitions date means the date of the agreement between Google and the other party. Business means the category which that company belongs to.

Please find below the complete list for your reference as follows:

Acquisitions

No.

Acquisition date

Company

Business

Country

Used as / Integrated with

1

February 12, 2001

Deja Usenet

USA

Google Groups

2

September 20, 2001

Outride Web search engine

USA

Google Personalized Search (iGoogle)

3

February 2003

Pyra Labs Weblog software

USA

Blogger

4

April 2003

Neotonic Software Customer relationship management

USA

Google Groups,Gmail

5

April 2003

Applied Semantics Online advertising

USA

AdSense,AdWords

6

September 30, 2003

Kaltix Web search engine

USA

iGoogle

7

October 2003

Sprinks Online advertising

USA

AdSense,AdWords

8

October 2003

Genius Labs Blogging

USA

Blogger

9

May 10, 2004

Ignite Logic HTML editor

USA

Google Sites

11

July 13, 2004

Picasa Image organizer

USA

Picasa, Blogger

12

September 2004

ZipDash Traffic analysis

USA

Google Maps for Mobile

13

October 2004

Where2 Map analysis

AUS

Google Maps

14

October 27, 2004

Keyhole, Inc Map analysis

USA

Google Maps,Google Earth

15

March 28, 2005 Urchin Software Corporation Web analytics

USA

Google Analytics

16

May 12, 2005

Dodgeball Social networking service

USA

Google Latitude

17

July 2005

Reqwireless Mobile browser

CAN

Google Mobile

18

July 7, 2005

Current Communications Group Broadband internet access

USA

Internet backbone

19

August 17, 2005

Android Mobile software

USA

Android

20

November 2005

Skia Graphics software

USA

Android, Google Chrome

21

November 17, 2005

Akwan Information Technologies Search Engines

BRA

Internet backbone

22

December 20, 2005

AOLB Broadband internet access

USA

23

December 27, 2005

Phatbits Widget engine

USA

Google Desktop

24

December 31, 2005

allPAY GmbH Mobile software

GER

Google Mobile

25

December 31, 2005

bruNET GmbH Mobile software

GER

Google Mobile

26

January 17, 2006

dMarc Broadcasting Advertising

USA

AdSense

27

February 14, 2006

Measure Map Weblog software

USA

Google Analytics

28

March 9, 2006

Upstartle Word processor

USA

Google Documents

29

March 14, 2006

@Last Software 3D modeling software

USA

Google Sketchup

30

April 9, 2006

Orion Web search engine

AUS

Google Search

31

June 1, 2006

2Web Technologies Online spreadsheets

USA

Google Spreadsheet

32

August 15, 2006

Neven Vision Germany GmbH Computer vision (Face detection, Face recognition)

GER

Picasa & Google Goggles

33

October 9, 2006

YouTube Video sharing

USA

YouTube

34

October 31, 2006

JotSpot Web application

USA

Google Sites

35

December 18, 2006

Endoxon Mapping

CHE

Google Maps

36

January 4, 2007

XunleiC File sharing

CHN

37

February 16, 2007

Adscape In-game advertising

USA

AdSense

38

March 16, 2007

Trendalyzer Statistical software

SWE

Google Analytics

39

April 17, 2007

Tonic Systems Presentation program

USA

Google Docs

40

April 19, 2007

Marratech Videoconferencing

SWE

Google Talk

41

April 13, 2007

DoubleClick Online advertising

USA

AdSense

42

May 11, 2007

GreenBorder Computer security

USA

Google Chrome

43

June 1, 2007

Panoramio Photo sharing

ESP

Panoramio

44

June 3, 2007

FeedBurner Web feed

USA

FeedBurner

45

June 5, 2007

PeakStream Parallel processing

USA

Server (computing)

46

June 19, 2007

Zenter Presentation program

USA

Google Docs

47

July 2, 2007

GrandCentral Voice over Internet Protocol

USA

Google Voice

48

July 20, 2007

Image America Aerial photography

USA

Google Maps

49

July 9, 2007

Postini Communications security

USA

Gmail

50

September 27, 2007

Zingku Social network service

USA

Google Mobile

51

October 9, 2007

Jaiku Micro-blogging

FIN

Google Mobile

52

July 30, 2008

Omnisio Online video

USA

YouTube

53

September 12, 2008

TNC (Tatter and Company) Weblog software

KOR

Blogger

54

August 5, 2009

On2 Video compression

USA

WebM & YouTube

55

September 16, 2009

reCAPTCHA Security

USA

56

November 9, 2009

AdMob Mobile advertising

USA

57

November 9, 2009

Gizmo5 VoIP

USA

Google Voice

58

November 23, 2009

Teracent Online Advertising

USA

Adsense

59

December 4, 2009

AppJet(EtherPad) Collaborative real-time editor

USA

Google Wave,Google Docs

60

February 12, 2010

Aardvark Social Search

USA

Aardvark

61

February 17, 2010

reMail Email Search

USA

Gmail

62

March 1, 2010

Picnik Photo Editing

USA

Picasa

63

March 5, 2010

DocVerse Microsoft Office files sharing site

USA

Google Docs

64

April 2, 2010

Episodic Online video platformstart-up

USA

YouTube

65

April 12, 2010

PlinkArt Visual Search EngineMobile start-up

UK

Google Goggles

66

April 20, 2010

Agnilux Server technology start-up

USA

67

April 27, 2010

LabPixies Gadgets

ISR

68

April 30, 2010

Bump Technologies Desktop environment

CAN

Google Android

70

May 20, 2010

Simplify Media Music syncing

UK

Android

71

May 21, 2010

Ruba.com Travel

USA

Google

72

June 3, 2010

Invite Media Advertising

USA

DoubleClick

73

July 1, 2010

ITA Software Travel technology

USA

74

July 16, 2010

Metaweb Semantic Search

USA

75

August 4, 2010

Instantiations Java/Eclipse/AJAX Developer Tools

USA

Google Web Toolkit

76

August 5, 2010

Slide.com Social gaming

USA

77

August 10, 2010

Jambool Social Gold payment

USA

78

August 15, 2010

Like.com Visual Search Engine

USA

boutiques.com

79

August 30, 2010

Angstro Social networking service

USA

80

August 30, 2010

SocialDeck, Inc. Social gaming

CAN

81

September 13, 2010

Quiksee Online video

ISR

Google Maps

82

September 28, 2010

Plannr Schedule Management

USA

83

October 1, 2010

BlindType Touch Typing

GRE

Android

84

December 3, 2010

Phonetic Arts Speech synthesis

UK

Google Voice,Google Translate

85

December 3, 2010

Widevine Tecnologies DRM

USA

Google TV

 

Source Ref: Wikipedia